The incidence of malignancies of the male urogenital system in the Republic of Suriname from 1980 through 2004

The incidence of malignancies of the male urogenital system in the Republic of Suriname from 1980 through 2004

Category

Biomedicine

Available online

25 Oct 2011

Found in Edition

2011, Volume 2, 199-204

Format

Full-length paper
The worldwide occurrence of male urogenital malignancies cancers of prostate, penis, and testes, as well as those of kidneys and urinary bladder of men varies from exceedingly rare to very common. In this study, incidence rates of these neoplasms in the Republic of Suriname between 1980 and 2004 have been assessed and compared with international data. Patient information was obtained from the Pathologic Anatomy Laboratory, population data from the General Bureau of Statistics. Sex-specific rates were calculated for cancer overall and for all anatomical sites, and stratified according to age groups 0 to 19, 20 to 49, and 50+ years, as well as the largest ethnic groups, viz. Hindustani, Creole, and Javanese. From these data, average yearly numbers and average rates per 100,000 men per year were calculated and expressed as means ± SDs. There were nearly 900 male urogenital malignancies in the period covered by this study, which corresponded to an overall rate of approximately 17. The most common urogenital neoplasm by far was prostatic cancer, occurring in more than three-quarters of cases and at a rate of about 13. Kidney, urinary bladder, penile, and testicular cancer were seen at rates lower than 2. The vast majority of patients, particularly those suffering from prostatic cancer, was 50 years and older and Creole. Notwithstanding, when compared with low- and high-incidence areas throughout the world, Suriname seems to represent a low-risk country for male urogenital malignancies including prostatic cancer. More comprehensive epidemiological studies in the multi-ethnic and multi-cultural society of Suriname may contribute to our understanding of the etiology of cancer.

Subject

N/A

Keywords

male urogenital cancers, Suriname, incidence rates, age group, ethnic background

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ABOUT THE AUTHORS

Dennis R.A. Mans (8)

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Anton de Kom Universiteit van Suriname, Paramaribo, Suriname

Martinus A. Vrede (2)

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Anton de Kom University of Suriname, Paramaribo, Suriname

Santosh S. Sardjoe (1)

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Anton de Kom University of Suriname, Paramaribo, Suriname
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