5 articles found from author D. Lachman
The impact of our energy systems on the climate mandates an energy system transition. In this paper a combination of existing concepts and approaches to take on such transitions is discussed. This combination starts with first defining the unit of analysis, after which actors in the socio-technical energy system are charted through literature research and interviews. Next, using social network analysis, regimes and niches are identified to depict the unit of analysis in a more useful manner for managing transitions. The step hereafter consists of creating internal and external scenarios based on critical uncertainties to insure transition management efforts against uncertainty in and outside the unit of analysis. Moving to Transition Management, robustness analysis is then used to evaluate strategies and policies in all combinations of these internal and external scenarios to get to an optimum set of strategies and policies which are used to form a normative scenario. This will be used to get stakeholders behind the transition effort. This combination of approaches and concepts is used in the case of Suriname. It results in a clear overview of the energy system, impediments and opportunities regarding transition, possible futures, and the validity of strategies and policies in different scenarios.
Globally, energy security is in dire straits and the affiliated energy systems, heavily
based on fossil fuels, need to be transformed into sustainable alternatives. Transition
research is an attempt to grasp the complexities of such so-called sustainability
transitions which involve not only technical artifacts but also encompass fundamental
societal transitions. Furthermore, due to the nature of their energy sector developing
countries are relatively more in need of this understanding of sustainability transitions.
However, virtually all research on sustainability transitions is confined to Western
societies and has limited applicability to the context of developing countries. This paper
is therefore a call to significantly ramp up the research on sustainability transitions in
Throughout the ages, people have always tried to bring order in their reality. Scientific disciplines are a manifestation of this, in order to tackle looming challenges. This division originated during the Enlightenment and was globalized, and is therefore a form of path dependency. Using the Multi-Level Perspective it is shown that regimes in the existing systems that are affected by these disciplines attempt consciously or not to keep this paradigm at the center stage. However, the division of reality in scientific disciplines results in poor communication between the disciplines, path dependency within the disciplines themselves, and questions surrounding the extent to which disciplines are able to conquer challenges in practice.
On the other end, scientific disciplines have not been without their merits, especially concerning relatively easy to solve issues. This paper therefore attempts to open up the discussion whether the current prevailing paradigm should be followed or whether the existing system is in need of an overhaul, and if so to what extent.
Modern mainstream science is restricted to a number of paradigms, research designs and methods, without often even knowing this. Alternatives are deemed of no scientific value. This emergence of paradigms, designs and methods above alternatives has been possible – due to vested interests – because of a number of reasons: extensive widespread disclosure even by mandating the use in alien contexts where they are actually inapplicable – envelopment, the Consistency Condition, where modern science demands to build upon existing theories, whether or not these are sound, and refutes new theories the Autonomy Principle, which implies that only perceivable facts add to scientific discussions, and the division of science into disciplines which confine the frame of reference of academics within the border of their discipline.
The indoctrination is illustrated by using two examples. First, the false premise that neoliberal policies are the only way to develop and are therefore the only policies that should be placed under close scrutiny in science. Second, the false premise that alternative energies are more expensive in set-up and operation compared to conventional fuels these are therefore receiving less attention in research and development worldwide.
The domination of the mind has been an obstacle to the advancement of science and societies. In order to overcome this science its practitioners should “re-invent the wheel”, “think outside-the-box”, “have a critical stance”, “not accept anything that they do not fully understand and endorse”, and “not reject anything that they cannot convincingly refute”. In order words, modern science needs to “free its mind”.
Globally, it appears that those countries that rely more on the exploitation of their natural resources regarding their exports, also happen to be placed lower on human and economic development rankings.